The classification of burns ranges from superficial first-degree to severe fourth-degree.
Most people are familiar with the categorization of first, second and third-degree burns but do not understand fourth-degree burns, which are extremely painful, dangerous and possibly fatal.
Causes of severe burns
Primarily, skin contact with flames or chemicals is responsible for fourth-degree burns. Some of the possible events include:
- Touching a hot stove, oven or iron
- Encountering corrosive chemicals
- Occupying a burning building
While you may escape with lesser burns, the injury from these types of exposure can extend beyond the top layer of skin.
Symptoms of a fourth-degree burn
Health care professionals determine burn classification by examining the extent of the damage to the body. You may suffer from a fourth-degree burn if you have:
- Charred skin with a possibility of bone exposure
- Damage to tendons, nerves and muscles
- Permanent pain and body disfigurement
Burns are medical emergencies requiring specialized care in a hospital burn unit. By seeking immediate treatment, you can relieve your pain sooner and lessen your risk of complications.
The exact treatment of your burn will depend on its severity and your overall health but may include wound debridement, pain medication and intravenous fluids. In some severe cases, amputation may be necessary. Additionally, you may need to see a general surgeon, dermatologist or plastic surgeon for cosmetic reconstruction and skin grafting.
If you suffer severe burns as a result of someone else’s carelessness, you deserve to seek accountability and recompense for your pain.